Trading Styles

Online Trading Styles Explained

Like every other trader, whether you are a novice trader or talented expert in the field of trading forex, you come with your own unique trading style. No two traders are alike, even if they are following the same rules and information, each person’s trading results would most likely be different from the other.

Understand your trading style

Trading is an active participation in the financial markets, where individuals seek to gain additional capital on the movements of the various financial markets.

There are many ways traders can enter and take part, however, each trader does have his own way of achieving his goals on this global stage. Understanding your trading mindset and trading style is an essential part of your success. Here, we will take a more in-depth look at the most common CFD trading styles traders adopt. There are no particular rules that confine any trader to any of the below, find what suits you best and enjoy your trading experience.

Short and Medium-Term Trading

Short-term, like medium-term trading refers to trading on the stock and futures markets where the duration between entry to the market and the exit (closing of a position) are done within a short amount of time, lasting anything from a few minutes to several days. Short / medium-term trading can be extremely lucrative, but at the same token, very risky as the markets are unpredictable and vary in nature, due to the many influences that affect the stock markets at any given time.

Understanding the risks & rewards of each trade will assist you in the success of your strategy, and allow you to add reinforcements as a buffer to protect against unforeseen market events that creep up.  Spotting a successful short/medium-term trade setup requires basic concepts that must be understood and mastered.

Fundamentals in short and medium-term trading:
  • Recognize market potential – The difference between market opportunity vs a market that is to be avoided, sometimes it is wiser to hold onto your capital rather than risking the loss in an overly active market
  • Keep abreast of moving averages– This is the average price of a stock over a precise time period (specifically 15, 20, 30, 50, 100 and 200 days), where you will gain an idea of whether the stock is trending on an upward curve or spiraling downward
  • Recognize overall cycle patterns – As markets tend to act in cycles, keeping an eye on these cycles will indicate to traders when the best time to enter your trades will be.
  • Market trends and patterns – These can develop over a span of a few days, and while studying these closely, you will  notice certain patterns of upward and downward curves. Find the trend your asset is taking on and ride the wave
  • Manage your risk– Extremely important for every trader to master: “Minimize risk and Maximize returns”. Make use of entry orders & stop losses as they are available to you on the trading platform, this way, you will not exceed the available capital in your trading account.
  • Use technical analysis– Evaluating and studying the stock can be done by using previous prices and  candlestick patterns of the stock to predict what will happen in the near future of that instrument. The  Metatrader 4 platform is equipped with a range of technical analysis tools for your convenience, and recently added xStation 5 has even more tools and reports.

Medium Term is best defined by taking the above into consideration, as well as by retail traders that mostly prefer to hold their trading positions over one or more days taking advantage of technical situations.

Long Term

Traders that keep and hold positions open for long periods of time, these time spans can stretch over months even years, mostly on the study of fundamental factors that are affecting the markets. For long-term traders generally, a higher trading budget is required from the onset, as investors may need their positions to withstand or ‘ride-out’ a number of market changes during the term that the position is open. The idea behind long-term trading is to build your returns gradually over a period of time.

Ironically, the time spent on making a long-term buy and hold trade is much less than compared to short/medium-term trades. The energy spent on the latter also involves immediate reactions to the markets trends. Risk management strategies need to be put in place. Here are a few guidelines to keep in mind:

  • Use a small amount of leverage – Stick to volumes that make up a small percent of your equity, this way, you will be able to sustain an intra-day or intra-week volatility.
  • Keep your SWAPS in mind – Swaps are fees that are charged by all brokers for holding positions open overnight. There are instances that you may incur positive swaps however, most of the time it is negative, so be well prepared for these expenses.
  • Time vs profit potential – Consider the amount of time you spend on your trading and compare it to your potential returns received. Traders of long-term trades should use relatively large amounts of capital to make the time investment ratio worthwhile. Common errors of long-term traders, is that with even the best strategy in place you may not reach your targeted profit, and this could occur when too little leverage is used.
Breaking down the subcategories of traders and trading strategies that are most commonly used:
Scalping

A very fast-paced day trading strategy in which positions are entered and exited within seconds and minutes. Buying and selling is done frequently and scalpers target the smallest intraday price movement to build on their profits. An additional benefit of scalping is that traders will not incur overnight interests (rollover fees), thus eliminating extra costs.
Profits are targeted and stops are used to assist traders in managing their entries and exits, as scalpers place many trades simultaneously per session.

Due to the quick nature of the scalper there are no patterns, analysis etc, however the use of 1 – 5 minute tick charts to make their fast calls is what they rely on.

Day Trading

As the title describes, day trading refers to buying or selling assets that are entered and exited on the same day. These types of traders make their returns by means of leveraging bigger amounts of capital to take advantage of highly liquid instruments while they make small price movements in the markets.  Day Trading is another strategy where you will not incur overnight costs either, as all trades are opened and closed during the same day.

Due to the fact that day trading is risky with high rewards, traders of this strategy need to ensure two major details in day trading which are Liquidity and Volatility. The markets liquidity allows for the entrance and exit of stocks at the optimum price. How? They take into consideration the difference between the ask and bid price (spread) low slippage, and look at tight spreads. Volatility is measured by the expected daily price range (which are the active hours of the day trader). The higher the volatility the higher the profit potential as well as the loss ratio. Cryptocurrencies , like ethereum CFDs, are very suitable for day trading due to highly volatile price movements and deep liquidity.

Making use of the following techniques can greatly assist in perfecting your day trading abilities:

  • Identifying possible entry – intraday candlestick charts, ECN quotes and real-time news are great indicators for entering the markets
  • Looking for price targets – Identifying the price target is optimal when entering the markets. You need to make certain that you enter at a good price to ensure a profit when trades close
  • Stop-Loss – Margin trading does increase your risk and exposure to rapid price movements Using your stop loss will limit the loss on any position
  • Beating the odds – Evaluating your performance by means of closely following your strategy rather than chasing a profit
Swing Trading

Swing trading refers to the style of trading leaning more towards fundamental trading, where positions are opened and kept open for a period of days or weeks. This is considered more fundamental as swing trading incorporates changes in the fundamentals over a few days, with the end result in making a profit from medium-term market changes. Over-night holds are generally charged for and positions can also be held for several weeks.

Swing Traders generally sit somewhere between day traders and trend traders. Day traders hold stocks from seconds to hours but never longer than a day. Where trend traders prefer to examine long term trends by means of studying fundamental trends which can take anything from a few weeks to months.

Where swing traders hold onto a particular stock for a few days up to two or a maximum of three weeks, and look for both the highs and lows of the stocks movements within the markets during that particular time. This is known in trading circles as the best trading style for beginner traders that are looking to venture into the financial markets. This type of trading will also offer significant profit potential to advanced or the intermediate trader too.

Position Trading

For the long-term trader who likes to hold positions open ranging from months to years. Not paying attention to market fluctuations in the short-term as they invest over the long run and believe that small market changes will even out in time. Position trading is the extreme opposite of day trading as the goal is to make profits over a long period of time and on the movement of the trend not a short-term tick.

Many traders of this strategy will look at weekly or monthly charts in order to gain a sense of where their chosen asset lies in terms of its trend. These are determined by the use of technical and fundamental analysis to evaluate price charts and market activity. There are associated fees with holding positions overnight known in the trading industry as rollover.

Quantitative/Algorithmic/HFT trading

These are trading styles that are largely different variations of automated trading. Automated trading is simply automating manual trades, making them executable by computer software, without human intervention. Quantitative trading involves the deployment of sophisticated trading strategies that are based on advanced mathematical and statistical models.

Quantitative trading methods are usually applied by big financial institutions and hedge funds that have the capacity to conduct thorough research and analyse a huge amount of historical data so as to create trading strategies that depend purely on mathematical and statistical analysis.

Algorithmic trading can be considered a subset of quantitative trading, and it involves the use of computer programmes to trade the markets using pre-set rules or guidelines (algorithms). The software follows the pre-set instructions, which can relate to variables, such as price, time, or volume.

Algorithms can be developed for practically every trading activity from signal generation, order execution, trade management, and trade exit. The idea behind implementing an algorithmic trading style in the market is to take advantage of the speed, power, and efficiency that computers have over manual trading.

High-frequency trading (HFT) is a type of algorithmic trading style whose focus is entirely on speed. HFT involves the use of advanced technological tools and computer systems to enter and exit trades in the markets within seconds or fractions of a second. HFT traders do their best to ensure low latency to the exchange’s or broker’s server to take advantage of maximal order speed execution necessary for this trading style.

Event-driven/News Trading

This is a trading style that focuses on taking advantage of news or events that trigger price movements in underlying assets. News and events are some of the biggest catalysts of notable price changes in any type of financial market.

For instance, stock prices react significantly to events, such as corporate earnings reports releases and management changes; in forex, central bank interest rates and employment numbers can trigger big price movements, while in cryptocurrencies, headlines such as regulation and exchange adoption can influence price advances in either direction.

This trading style can be very lucrative because news and major events usually cause significant price spikes in underlying assets. But it also has unique risks because of the dangers of widening spreads or even price slippages.

News traders must track the schedule of events or news releases to be ready to trade when the opportunity arises.

This can be done using the Economic Calendar tool, but nowadays, different types of traders can also follow news feeds from trusted social media connections.

There are numerous news trading strategies, and traders can decide whether to trade before, during or after a news release or event has occurred. The idea of course is to be on the right side of the impending move, and not against it.

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